The laboratory is multifunctional, which results from the interdisciplinary character of Karstology and from the methodological necessity to be the basis for the development of system analysis of karst geosystems. This requires joint work of specialists both Bulgarian and foreign ones from different scientific fields. It has important significance, in many cases of leading importance for the development of complex expertise for karst territories and sites. Thus, the Laboratory to some degree compensates for the lack of a Bulgarian Institute of Karstology, and despite its still limited institutional capacity and resources, it develops a rich range of methodologies, models, ideas and initiatives.

The main priority of the Laboratory's activity is the monitoring of modern karst genesis, which includes the following: Other more important activities performed by the Laboratory:

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To conduct fieldwork and maintenance of the monitoring, the team of the Laboratory carried out a large number of field works (141), including with foreign researchers. Ph.D. students, trained at the Laboratory and post-graduate students, participated in 62 field surveys. Within the framework of international co-operation, 41 trips abroad were held in 9 countries (Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Belgium, Japan, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Germany).

The research work carried out by the Laboratory over the last 10 years has been supported by 16 successful projects, 3 of which funded by UNESCO and 9 in international cooperation, incl. 6 on bilateral inter-academic cooperation with the Czech Academy of Sciences.

The results of the research and the educational activities of ELK are reported at authoritative scientific forums in Bulgaria and abroad or in articles in scientific journals (over 70 publications in Bulgarian, English, Czech, Russian and Polish). They cover the thematic aspects of Karstology developed in the Laboratory's research program.

The Laboratory is the initiated and organized 4 international scientific and practical karst forums (2005, 2012, 2015, 2019. Representatives of the Laboratory have participated in the work of a number of other scientific conferences and congresses in Bulgaria and around the world.

Within the framework of its active international co-operation, the Laboratory hosted a total of 135 foreign guests from 25 institutions and organizations from 15 countries (Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, China, Albania, Japan, Croatia, Greece, South Africa, Georgia, Tatarstan-Russian Federation, Latvia, Lithuania, Germany, and Montenegro).